With the emphasis on a source's core elements, note the similarity of citations between magazines, newspapers, and journals.
Title of Source: Put the titles of magazine, newspaper, and journal articles in quotation marks.
Title of Container: A magazine, newspaper, or journal is considered the container for the article. Italicize the title of the container. For smaller newspapers, indicate the city of publication in brackets. You do not need to note the city for nationally published newspapers.
Version: A small newspaper may publish a morning or late edition.
Number: Include the volume (vol.) and issue number (no.) for journals. Some magazines may also use volumes and numbers, so include that information in your citations.
Publisher: You do not need to include the publisher name for periodicals.
Publication Date: MLA uses a Day Month Year format. Use abbreviations for months (except May, June, and July). Include all of the information the source provides for publication date.
Location (Print Sources/PDF files): Include the page numbers of the article for location, which identifies where the article can be found in a periodical. Use the abbreviations p. (page) for articles on a single page and pp. (pages) for articles over a page range. If the article is on non-consecutive pages, include the page on which the article first appears followed by a plus sign.
Location (Websites/Databases): For online periodical articles, use the URL to identify location. Use a permalink if available and omit http:// from the link. Many databases include permalinks for articles. If a journal article has a DOI (digital object identifier), use the DOI in place of the URL. Note: MLA discourages the use of URL shorteners.
Title of Second Container: Second containers for periodicals typically include database names. Italicize database and website names.
Author. Title of source. Title of container, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location. Title of 2nd container, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location. Optional elements.
McFarlane, Fiona. “Buttony.” The New Yorker, vol. 92, no. 4, 7 Mar. 2016, pp. 56-58. Academic Search Complete, searchebscohost.com/ login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=cookie,ip,uid&db=a9h&AN=113375711&site-ehost-live.
Achenbach, Joel. “Proof of Life in Space Still Stubbornly Elusive.” The Washington Post, Met 2 ed., 23 Sept. 2013, p. A01. Nexis Uni, advance.lexis.com/ api/permalink/abe83a5b-5ba7-4c22-830c-4c7462d84dad/?context=1516831.
Ganz, Melissa J. “Carrying on like a Madman: Insanity and Responsibility in Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.” Nineteenth Century Literature, vol. 70, no. 3, 2015, pp. 363-97.
Hovey, Jaime. “Tyrion’s Gallantry.” Critical Quarterly, vol. 57, no. 1, Apr. 2015, pp. 86-98. Academic Search Complete, searchebscohost.com/ login.aspx?directtrue&AuthType=cookie,ip,uid&db=a9h&AN=102273161&site-ehost-live.
Trejo, Arturo. “Project Outcomes Improved by Emotional Intelligence.” Business Perspectives and Research, vol. 4, no. 1, Jan. 2016, pp. 67-76. Business Source Complete, doi:117712278533715605436.
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