Regardless or publication format, pay attention to your source's core elements and use the MLA Practice Template to help cite your source.
Author: For personal interviews, start your entry with the name of the interviewee. If you’re focusing on a director, performer, or editor’s individual contribution to a film or television show, begin your entry with the person’s name followed by his or her role.
Title of Source: Put episode titles in quotation marks. Italicize the titles of films, plays, and television shows. For an e-mail, use the e-mail’s subject for the title of the source. For sources without a title, include a description (Ex. Interview).
Title of Container: A television series would be considered the container for an episode from the show. Container titles are typically italicized.
Other Contributors: For interviews, include the interviewer’s name in this field (Ex. by Mo Rocca). For films, television shows, or performances, include the contributor’s role and name (directed by, created by, written by, performances by, etc.). For e-mails, identify the recipient in this field (Ex. Received by).
Version: If you stream a television show or film from an app, identify the app in this field. When citing a video game, identify the version/platform.
Number: For television shows, include the season number and episode number for this element.
Publisher: For films and television shows, identify the production company as the publisher. For public performances, identify the theatre group.
Location: Identify the physical location of concerts, performances, and works of art viewed in person. For DVD sets, identify the disc number.
Optional Elements: If you have what is known as an “unexpected type of work,” provide a descriptive label at the end of your citation. You can also include other pertinent pieces of information about your source at the end of the citation, such as series name, original date of publication, or number of volumes.
Author. Title of source. Title of container, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location. Title of 2nd container, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location. Optional elements.
“Clyde Bruckman’s Final Repose.” The X-Files, created by Chris Carter, directed by David Nutter, performances by David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson, and Peter Boyle, season 3, episode 4, Ten Thirteen Productions, 13 Oct. 1995.
The Winter’s Tale. By William Shakespeare, directed by Micah Logsdon, performances by Andy Falter and David Widder-Varghegyi, Actors’ Theatre of Columbus, 2 July 2016, Schiller Park, Columbus, OH.
“Beyond Streaming: How Will Future Fans Discover Prince’s Music?” All Things Considered, narrated by Laura Sydell, National Public Radio, 26 Apr. 2016, 6:12 p.m. Transcript.
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