Locate What You Need in this Guide
Why Do We Cite Sources?
Why Cite Sources?
- To give credit to the original author. If you quote or paraphrase someone else's words or ideas, you must cite the source:
- A quotation uses the exact words of the author.
- A paraphrase accurately states all the relevant information from a passage in your own words and sentence structures.
- To allow readers to locate and explore the sources you used in your research.
- To avoid plagiarism.
What You'll Discover in this Guide
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed.
What are the 4 Key Elements of a Reference?
According to APA Style, there are 4 key parts of a reference:
Author: Who is responsible for this work? Could be one or more individuals, or it could be a group or organization (a hospital, government agency, or business).
Date: When was this work published? Use "n.d." if publication date or last updated date is unavailable.
Title: What is this work called? Note the difference between "stand alone" works (book, journal, feature film, TV series, artwork, podcast or YouTube video) and works that "are part of a greater whole" (chapter in a book, article from a journal, song from an album, TV episode, or podcast episode).
Source: Where can I retrieve this work? (depends on the document type).
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