APA 7 Citations: Getting Started

This guide replaces the APA Citations guide for the 6th edition.

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Here's a Reference Quick Guide, APA Style 7th Edition.

Why Do We Cite Sources?

Why Cite Sources?

  • To give credit to the original author. If you quote or paraphrase someone else's words or ideas, you must cite the source:
    • quotation uses the exact words of the author.
    • paraphrase accurately states all the relevant information from a passage in your own words and sentence structures.
  • To allow readers to locate and explore the sources you used in your research.
  • To avoid plagiarism.

What You'll Discover in this Guide

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed.

What are the 4 Key Elements of a Reference?

According to APA Style, there are 4 key parts of a reference:

  1. AuthorWho is responsible for this work? Could be one or more individuals, or it could be a group or organization (a hospital, government agency, or business).

  2. Date: When was this work published? Use "n.d." if publication date or last updated date is unavailable.

  3. Title: What is this work called? Note the difference between "stand alone" works (book, journal, feature film, TV series, artwork, podcast or YouTube video) and works that "are part of a greater whole" (chapter in a book, article from a journal, song from an album, TV episode, or podcast episode).

  4. SourceWhere can I retrieve this work? (depends on the document type).

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