APA 7 Citations: Online Media

This guide replaces the APA Citations guide for the 6th edition.

What Does the APA Mean by Online Media?

Social media, webpages, and websites are called online media by the APA. Use this page to learn how to cite sources retrieved from Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, Online forums (e.g., Reddit), TikTok, and Twitter.

You can see how to reference a website, a webpage on a website, clinical practice references for nurses, or open educational (OER) resources by consulting pp. 348-352 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed.

Here are a few reference citation examples:

Webpage on a website

Black Lives Matter. (n.d.). Cornavirus prevention. https://blacklivesmatter.com/


Jon [@ArtMeasures]. (2018, Juli 10). CHEF: Someone needs to prepare the chicken. ME: I'll do it *sits chicken down* look dude, this isn't gonna be [Tweet]. Twitter. https://www.best-of-twitter.com/someone-needs-to-prepare-the-chicken/


Formatting Online Media YouTube Video

APA Examples of References and Citations for Online Media

Sample OER Reference and Citations

Boster, D, Hurford, C., Nardone, J., & Pugno, B. (2019). In The American Yawp. Vol. 1. A derivative of The American Yawp published by Stanford University Press. Columbus State Community College. Retrieved May 4, 2020, from https://bit.ly/cscc-amer-yawp-vol1

  • Parenthetical Citation: (Boster et al., 2019, Chapter 2, paras. 16-23)
  • Narrative Citation: Boster et al. (2019, Chapter 2, paras. 16-23)

Note: In this open educational resource (OER), there are no page numbers, so the in-text citations direct the reader to the chapter and the paragraphs in the chapter which refer to "The Dutch."

Open educational resources references follow the same format as webpages and are covered in Section 10.16, pp. 350-352 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th ed.

Template Examples for Each Sort of Online Media

The APA templates below, give you the order and formatting for each of the four parts of a reference citation (author, date, title, and source) for the various types of online media.



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