MLA Citations: Cite Other Sources

Overview of MLA Style Guidelines

Tips on Citing Other Sources

Regardless or publication format, pay attention to your source's core elements and use the MLA Practice Template to help cite your source.

Author: For personal interviews, start your entry with the name of the interviewee. If you’re focusing on a director, performer, or editor’s individual contribution to a film or television show, begin your entry with the person’s name followed by his or her role.

  • Anderson, Wes, director.
  • Ackles, Jensen, performer.

Title of Source: Put episode titles in quotation marks. Italicize the titles of films, plays, and television shows. For an e-mail, use the e-mail’s subject for the title of the source. For sources without a title, include a description (Ex. Interview).

  • “The Marine Biologist.”
  • Children of Men.
  • Concert.
  • “Re: Campus Life.”

Title of Container: A television series would be considered the container for an episode from the show. Container titles are typically italicized.

  • Seinfeld,
  • Game of Thrones,

Other Contributors: For interviews, include the interviewer’s name in this field (Ex. by Mo Rocca). For films, television shows, or performances, include the contributor’s role and name (directed by, created by, written by, performances by, etc.). For e-mails, identify the recipient in this field (Ex. Received by).

  • directed by Guillermo del Toro,
  • performance by Cate Blanchett,
  • Received by David R. Jones,

Version: If you stream a television show or film from an app, identify the app in this field. When citing a video game, identify the version/platform.

  • HBOGo app,
  • Nintendo Switch,

Number: For television shows, include the season number and episode number for this element.

  • season 3, episode 9,

Publisher: For films and television shows, identify the production company as the publisher. For public performances, identify the theatre group.

  • Miramax,
  • CATCO,

Location: Identify the physical location of concerts, performances, and works of art viewed in person. For DVD sets, identify the disc number.

  • Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, OH.
  • Ohio Theatre, Columbus, OH.
  • disc 2.

Optional Elements: If you have what is known as an “unexpected type of work,” provide a descriptive label at the end of your citation. You can also include other pertinent pieces of information about your source at the end of the citation, such as series name, original date of publication, or number of volumes.

  • Lecture.
  • Transcript.
  • Twayne’s Literature and Society Series.
  • 3 vols.

Core Elements

 

Author. Title of source. Title of container, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location. Title of 2nd container, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location. Optional elements.

Personal Interview

 

St. Hubbins, David. Interview. By Marti Dibergi, 2 Mar. 1984.

 

MLA Practice Template Example

E-mail

 

Hadfield, Christopher. “Space Odyssey.” Received by David R. Jones, 10 Jan. 2016.

 

MLA Practice Template Example

Television Show Episode

 

Clyde Bruckman’s Final Repose.” The X-Files, created by Chris Carter, directed by David Nutter, performances by David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson, and Peter Boyle, season 3, episode 4, Ten Thirteen Productions, 13 Oct. 1995.

 

MLA Practice Template Example

Film (DVD)

 

The Company of Wolves. Directed by Neil Jordan, performances by Angela Lansbury and Stephen Rea, Hen’s Tooth, 2002.

 

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Special Feature from DVD

 

"The Cinematic Sleight of Hand of Christopher Nolan." The Prestige, directed by Christopher Nolan, Warner Brothers, 2007. DVD.

 

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Work Streamed through an App

 

“The Rains of Castamere.” Game of Thrones, HBOGo app, season 3, episode 9, Television 360, 2 June 2013.

 

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Song

 

Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers. "Don't Come Around Here No More." Southern Accents, MCA, 1985.

 

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Song Listened Through App

 

Kid Cudi. "Pursuit of Happiness." iTunes app, GOOD Music, 2010.

 

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Public Performance

 

The Winter’s Tale. By William Shakespeare, directed by Micah Logsdon, performances by Andy Falter and David Widder-Varghegyi, Actors’ Theatre of Columbus, 2 July 2016, Schiller Park, Columbus, OH.

 

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Concert

 

Yankovic, “Weird Al.” Mandatory World Tour Concert. 6 July 2016, Palace Theatre, Columbus, OH.

 

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Work of Art Viewed in Person

 

Hopper, Edward. Morning Sun. 1952. Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, OH.

 

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Work of Art Viewed Online

 

Seurat, Georges. A Sunday on La Grande Jatte. 1884/1886. Art Institute of Chicago, www.artic.edu/aic/collections/artwork/27992.

 

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Museum Exhibit

 

A Dangerous Woman: Subversion and Surrealism in the Art of Honore Sharrer. 10 Feb. 2017-21 May 2017, Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, OH.

 

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Transcript

 

“Beyond Streaming: How Will Future Fans Discover Prince’s Music?” All Things Considered, narrated by Laura Sydell, National Public Radio, 26 Apr. 2016, 6:12 p.m. Transcript.

 

MLA Practice Template Example

PowerPoint Lecture

 

Pugno, Ben. “6th Century Rome and Early Republic.” CLAS 1225: Classical Civilization: Rome, 6 Sept. 2016, Columbus State Community College, Delaware, OH. Slide 3.

 

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Image from a Course PowerPoint

 

Botticelli, Sandro. Birth of Venus, HART 1201: History of Art I, taught by Gwynne Dilbeck, 5 Dec. 2017, Columbus State Community College, Delaware, OH. Slide 44.

 

MLA Practice Template Example

Handout from Blackboard

 

Part I.: Birth of Western Medicine. Blackboard, uploaded by Ben Pugno, 28 Aug. 2017, courses.cscc.edu.

 

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Course Reading Uploaded to Blackboard

 

Thucydides. "The Melian Dialogue." Blackboard, uploaded by Ben Pugno, 4 Sept. 2017, courses.cscc.edu.

 

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Video Game

 

Mortal Kombat X. Playstation 4 version, NetherRealm Studios, 7 Apr. 2015.

 

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Advertisement in Print

 

Advertisement for Google Play. GQ, Nov. 2014, pp. 132-33.

 

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Advertisement Online

 

Advertisement for Sling Television. Mental Floss, 2017, mentalfloss.com/.

 

MLA Practice Template Example

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