The Research Process: 5b. Citation Styles

A getting started and step-by-step guide to the research process.

Citation Generators

These are some of the more well-known online citation generators. Explore each to find the one best suited for your purposes:

1. Citation Machine

2. BibMe

3. NoodleTools

4. EasyBib

5. OttoBib 

As always, be sure to double check your citation! Generators, while useful, do not work perfectly.

Annotated Bibliographies

An annotated bibliography is a list of citations followed by a descriptive summary and evaluation. Sometimes the annotation will reflect the applicability of the source to the needs of the researcher. The purpose of this type of bibliography is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.

Example:

Gurko, Leo. Ernest Hemingway and the Pursuit of Heroism. New York: Crowell, 1968. This book is part of a series called "Twentieth Century American Writers": a Brief Introduction to the Man and his Work. After fifty pages of straight biography, Gurko discussed Hemingway's writing, novel by novel. There's an index and a short bibliography, but no notes. The biographical part is clear and easy to read, but it sounds too much like a summary.

Example borrowed from the Writing Center at UNC- Chapel Hill.

New!

 Be sure to check out the new MLA Citations and APA Citations LibGuides, which offer comprehensive, in-depth information for creating common MLA & APA citations.


Popular Styles

Several handbooks will familiarize you with the most common styles, but these following handbooks set the golden standard:

Citation Handouts

The following handouts, created by CSCC librarians, may be downloaded and printed for your personal use.

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