The Research Process: Step 5: Legal/Ethical

A step-by-step guide for getting started in the research process.


Legal and ethical issues go beyond properly citing sources and plagiarism. Researchers should also understand issues related to privacy, security, censorship, and freedom of speech, as well as have an understanding of intellectual property, copyright, and fair use.

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Principles of Academic Honesty

  1. When you say you did the work yourself, you actually did it.
  2. When you rely on someone else’s work, you cite it. When you use their words, you quote them openly and accurately, and you cite them, too. 
  3. When you present research materials, you present them fairly and truthfully. That’s true whether the research involves data, documents, or the writing of other scholars.
by Charles Lipson (2004)

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